top of column: a
flat slab at the top of a column
tropical or subtropical shrub or tree that has small fluffy
yellow globular flowers, narrow leaves, and dark fruit
pods. Genus Acacia.
Acanthus Leaf: popular Greek decorative motif adapted
from the acanthus plant. Found in almost all-classic design,
notably the capital of Corinthian column.
Acorn: Turned ornament resembling an acorn
In classical furniture, an ornament applied to the top corners
of secretaries, bookcases, highboys, and other furniture.
a recess in
the wall of a room
All Wood furniture can be made of solid wood or Wood
products such lumber, veneers, plywood, particleboard, chip
board and composition board. Could be either hardwood or
Purplish wood used for veneering. Also called "violet wood" and
small recess near the altar in a church, where sacred vessels
Angel Bed: a bed with a canopy but no front support.
These leathers come from the finest selection of hides and
generally are the most expensive, pristine and least processed.
Aniline dyes permeate the hide completely and add transparent
color but offer no protection from fading or staining. Pure
aniline leathers are a good choice if you strive for the finer
things in life and appreciate rare, natural beauty. Pure aniline
appeals to the senses and offers a sensational, soft hand. Each
pure aniline hide has its own natural characteristics such as
color shading, scars and even brandings, making each hide
unique. While pure aniline leather is buttery soft and will age
beautifully, it may not be the best choice for an active family
room because of its lack of stain protection.
category of anilines, some manufacturers offer pull-up leathers.
This is a style of leather that has a wax or oil-based color
applied after finishing. Where it is pulled, the color is
lighter. It makes for a mottled, aged appearance, somewhat like
a bomber jacket. Pull-up leathers also offer outstanding
collectible decorative or household object, often a piece of
furniture, which is valued because of its age
something, especially a new object, so that it looks antique or
worn with time
Apron: skirt or rail usually seen under a dining table.
tall cupboard or wardrobe, often ornately decorated. Originally,
an armoire was used for storing weapons.
Attached Pillow Back
Back cushions on upholstered items that appear to be loose
but which may not be removed.
A protective coating on the reverse side of Upholstery fabric
designed to provide strength
animal’s claw holding a ball: having
a foot or another part modeled in the shape of an animal’s claw
holding a ball
Banding: inlay or marquetry which produces a color or
grain contrasting with the surface.
A double row of stitching which runs along both sides of a seam.
Both decorative and structural.
19thC style: belonging
to or typical of a highly conventional neoclassical style of
home decoration and furnishing that was popular among the middle
class in 19th-century Germany
type of chair or sofa with sides and back made of woven cane
Block front chest: a bookcase, chest or china cabinet of
three sections, the center section deeper or shallower than the
Bombe: An outward swelling / curve. Commonly seen in
commodes, bureaus, armoires, night tables.
rocking chair: a
rocking chair with a seat that curves up to meet a high back
section sticking out: used
to describe a piece of furniture, for example, a cabinet or
bookcase, with a central section that juts forward slightly
raised design: a
heavy fabric of silk, cotton, or wool woven with a raised
design, often using metallic threads. A true brocade is based on
one or two basic colors with additional colored threads brought
from the back to the front to produce the raised design.
serving table: a
piece of dining-room furniture with drawers for tableware, used
for storing table items and for serving dishes.
Also called a
A mechanical process for removing scars and scratches from
Bun Foot: a flattened ball, or bun shape, with a slender
wood or a decorative veneer made from it
use of buttons to create and accentuate tufting.
curving furniture leg tapering into a decorative foot that is
often carved to look like an animal’s paw, popular in the early
Bed dimension of 72" wide and 84" long. The California King is
4” longer than an Eastern King but it is 4” less wide.
stems of various palms and grass plants, for example, rattan,
woven together to make furniture, baskets, and other household
Casegood: Wooden furniture not associated with upholstery
under furniture: a
small wheel on a mount that allows it to turn in all directions,
attached under the corners of furniture and other heavy objects
to make them easier to move
light with branches: a
decorative hanging light with several branches and holders for
candles or light bulbs
Center Match Fabric: Placement
of a fabrics design component in the center of a cushion. The
same component appears in the center of each cushion.
relatively tall narrow chest of drawers that often has a mirror
attached to the back. Also referred to as a semanier.
colored glazed fabric: a
glazed fabric made of cotton and usually printed with a brightly
cotton fabric from India: a
printed or stained calico fabric made in India
Cleaning Code: One
of four letters (W, W-S, S, X). Part of an industry code used
for upholstered furniture that indicates the method to be used
to clean different materials. S=Mild water free solvent,
W-S=Mild solvent or upholstery shampoo, W=Clean with foam only
from a water based non-solvent product, X=Clean by vacuuming or
light brushing to prevent accumulation of dust.
heavily upholstered chair with a low back and thick arms
Club Foot: a turned foot, resembling a club: usually
applied to cabriole leg.
Colorways: Various color schemes or range of colors in
which a pattern or design is available.
Com: Stands for customer’s own material
Some manufacturers will allow customers to send their own
fabric to be used to make their upholstered furniture.
Process of using welts of a different color or material than the
cotton fabric: a
heavy cotton fabric with a ribbed nap running lengthwise
Triangular pieces of Wood used to stabilize joints on a wooden
Corrected Grain Leather: Removal
of the natural grain by mechanical means and embossing a hide
with an artificial grain or design.
The Upholstery fabric used as the outer covering of a sofa or
chair. A "cover" can be either fabric or vinyl
Industry term used to describe the leather hide from a cow that
averages 45-55 square feet.
A veneer cut from the branching point of a tree.
a distinctive 's' shaped curve indicative of Queen Anne
for a synthetic polyester fabric or fiber
reversible fabric, usually of cotton, linen, or silk, with a
pattern woven into it. It is used especially for table linen.
Dentil Moldings: decorative moldings, consisting of
blocks and spaces, and resembling teeth, usually seen at the top
Distressing: Creating a marred, pocked, scratches or
dented surface, which provides an antique look to furniture.
Dhurrie Rug: flat woven wool, or cotton, rug with
stylized East Indian motifs.
Also known as a full size, a double bed measures 54 inches wide
by 74 inches long.
Double Extra Long:
A bed that measures 54 inches wide by 80 inches long.
Duck or goose feathers
used to fill
cushions of upholstery. Usually found on more expensive
Also referred to as vat dyeing. Process of spinning leather
hides in a drum to ensure an even dye penetration.
Industry term referring to the craft of hand tying coil springs
into an upholstered frame.
something with raised pattern: to
decorate or mark a surface with a slightly raised design or
plate or shield fixed around something, for example, a light
switch or keyhole, as an ornament or to protect the surrounding
Exposed Trim: The
exposed wood on an upholstered piece of furniture. Could be
either structural or decorative.
Fat Wrinkles: Leather
characteristics such as wrinkles in the grain of the Leather
which are caused by naturally occurring fat deposits.
wood fiber: building
material made by compressing wood fibers into sheets
Filling: process in furniture finishing, where holes in
wood are filled, creating a smooth flat surface.
ornamental feature, for example, a carved knob, on the top or
end of a part of a piece of furniture
in column: a
groove running down an architectural column or leg
Usually made of polyurethane and used for cushioning in
woodwork with open pattern: ornamental
woodwork made by cutting many holes in a piece of wood with a
fretsaw to create an intricate pattern of wood and spaces
Leather in which the natural grain pattern has not been
mechanically corrected. The natural markings are visible on
Gallery Rail: A brass rail found on the top of a buffet or
something with gold: the
process of applying a thin layer of gold leaf, or something that
looks like gold, to a surface
Glaze: Process used to highlight wood characteristics
Industry term which describes the feel of Leather.
Term used to describe wood derived from broad-leafed trees such
oak, beech, maple, mahogany and walnut. Some hardwoods are
actually softer than “softwoods”.
head of bed: an
upright board, often padded or covered in fabric, used to form
the head of a bed
skins - usually cattle. “leather”
Highlighting: finishing technique used to emphasize or
enhance the natural grain patterns in wood
cupboard with drawers and usually open shelves on top, often
used for storing and displaying dishes and kitchen utensils
something with an inlaid design: to
decorate something such as a piece of furniture by setting
pieces of wood, stone, ivory, or other material into its surface
Inverted Seam: A
Seam that joins fabric from the underside. Creates a welt less
Jacobean: used to describe a 1600’s English furniture
style with a medieval appearance and dark finish.
Pleated skirt on the bottom of upholstered furniture.
Kiln Dried: Heating
process used to remove the moisture from wood. Helps to prevent
splitting and cracking.
synthetic coating: a
hard, glossy, clear or colored coating made up of resins or
cellulose derivatives and a plasticizer in a volatile solvent
bond sheets or layers together so as to produce a strong and
durable composite material.
veneers are laminated to produce a cheap and durable alternative
to more expensive hardwoods for furniture making.
interwoven open-mesh frame made by crisscrossing strips of wood,
metal, or plastic to form a pattern.
The left-hand side of a piece of furniture when viewing the
furniture from the front.
Chemical process used to remove the hair and epidermis from a
A style of sofa, loveseat or chair that has separate detachable
pillows for back support.
designs made of inlaid materials: designs
or pictures made of thin pieces of wood, metal, shell, or other
materials, inlaid in a wood veneer and often applied as
decoration to pieces of furniture
Married Cover: Furniture manufacturers often buy fabric
or leather in limited styles but large quantities in order to
receive better pricing from their suppliers. They pass this
savings along to their retailers who in turn pass the savings on
to the final consumer. Choices are limited but pricing is more
pattern on fabric: a
shiny finish and wavy pattern on fabric, especially silk,
created by using engraved rollers
Decorative heads are used on nails or a simulated nail- head
strip to accentuate a style on upholstered furniture.
Nu-buck is a pure aniline, top-grain leather that has been
buffed for softness to produce a very fine nap. It is more
beautiful, durable and much softer than suede. Shade, grain and
color variations should be expected throughout the hide.
decorative molding with an ogee-shaped profile.
Commonly used in Chippendale case goods. Exhibits a double
Footstool for a chair or the footrest on a reclining chair
decoration to surface: to
apply a decorative material to a surface
such as a trim piece of wood on a flat surface.
blocks of wood laid in a decorative geometric pattern
decorative design, for example, on fabric
on colonnade: a
broad triangular or segmental gable surmounting a colonnade as
seen on many casegoods.
Process of dyeing the topcoat of a leather hide. Very durable
of a group of thermoplastic polymers that are used in resins,
coatings, insulation, adhesives, foams, and fibers. They contain
the NHCOO chemical group.
Also referred to as urethane.
Recliner: A reclining chair in which the head rest pops
up from inside the back of the chair when moved into a reclining
chair that tilts back to a sloping or almost horizontal
position, often with a footrest that can be raised, allowing the
person sitting in it to rest more comfortably
Reeding: a series of semi-circular, ornamental grooves, which
run the length of a post or leg on casegoods.
The right-hand side of a piece of furniture when viewed by
looking at the furniture from the front.
style of architecture and the decorative arts characterized by
intricate ornamentation that was popular throughout Europe in
the early 18th century
The process of removing moisture from Wood through either air or
Seven drawer lingerie chest
Hides that have been aniline dyed throughout and have a
and twisting, with many bends and curves
for tableware storage: a
piece of dining room furniture with a flat top and drawers and
cupboards to store tableware and linens.
Also called a buffet
fabric found on the bottom edge of upholstered pieces of
something with an attachment shaped like a skirt or border
Woods from cone bearing tree with needle-like leaves such as
Pine, Spruce and fir.
Solids & Veneers: Furniture made out of "solids and
veneers" can be made of hardWoods and softWoods, veneers,
reconstituted Wood products (particleboard, composition board,
chip core), plyWood, and materials such as artificial laminates.
on chair leg: a
spade-shaped projection at the bottom of a chair leg
spindle-shaped piece of wood: a
long thin piece of wood such as a table leg or baluster that is
shaped like a spindle
The second cut of leather. After the top grain cut. Used for
suede and lower quality Leather furniture.
Spring Down: a cushion construction used in upholstery,
which employs coil springs wrapped with urethane, and surrounded
with down. Provides ample support with a high level of comfort
coloring something: a
liquid that is applied to something, especially wood, to darken
it or change its color without hiding its texture or grain
bracing furniture legs: a
bar that joins and braces the legs of a chair, table, or other
piece of furniture
velvety surface: leather
with the flesh side outward and rubbed to make a velvety nap
A sample of Upholstery fabric.
The chemical and mechanical process of treating hides in order
to preserve them and enhance the natural beauty.
woven design: a
heavy fabric with a woven pattern or picture, used as a wall
hanging or for upholstery
The top layer and highest quality part of a hide. Usually found
on better quality Upholstery.
The process of drawing a cord through a thick cushion giving
high puffs of padding and small low valleys where the cord is
Upholstery style in which the arms are the same height as
rough, thick woolen fabric often made with several different
shades of wool to give it a distinctive flecked appearance
strong woven material with diagonal ridges or ribs across its
coarse fabric: strong
coarse fabric used in belts and harnesses and for supporting
reinforcement for a seam: a
folded strip of cloth, sometimes wrapped around a cord, that is
sewn into a seam in a garment or pillow as a reinforcement or
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